Ziziphi iimpawu zamatye ezibonakalayo?

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Iimpawu zeGemstones ezibonakalayo

Iimpawu ze-Gemstones ezibonakalayo ziphumo ezivela kwindlela ukukhanya kudibanisa ngayo nesakhiwo sekrisitini sesigxina. Ukusebenzisana okanye ukuphazamiseka kungaba ngendlela yokusabalalisa ukukhanya, ukucamngca, ukuchithwa, ukuchithwa, ukuchithwa okanye ukuhanjiswa.

Adularesence

I-Adularescence yinto eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ebonakalisa kwi-cabochon surface surface ye-Moonstone. Ingqungquthela yokugubha ivela ekusebenzisaneni kokukhanya kunye nocingo lwama-crystals amancinci kwindonga yenyanga. Ubungakanani boluhlu lwama-crystals amancinci lunquma umgangatho we-blue shimmer. Ukunciphisa umgca, ulungele i-flash blue. Oku ngokuqhelekileyo kubonakala njengefuthe elikhanyayo. I-Moonstone yi-orthoclase feldspars, elinye igama elithi "selenite". AmaRoma abiza ngokuthi yi-Astrion.

Asterism

Abaqhibi be-Gem bavame ukukhetha ukusika imibobo ye-cabochon, xa amatye ephantsi. Kwizinto ezinje kunye namatye xa ukukhanya kuwela kwi-cabochon surface kwaye kwenza imibala enjengeenkwenkwezi, loo nto ibizwa ngokuba yi-asterism. Kukho i-4 ray kunye neenkwenkwezi ze-6 eziqhelekileyo zijonge ngokuqhelekileyo. Oku kwenzekayo xa ukuqhelaniswa kwentsalane kufana ne-inclusions okanye isilikhi ngaphakathi kwekristal ikhona kwi-axis enye.

Chatoyancy

Ukusuka kwigama lesiFrentshi elithi "Ingxoxo" kuthetha itekisi. I-Chatoyancy ibhekisela kwinto efana nokuvula nokuvala iso lekati. Siyakwazi ukuyijonga iliso le-chrysoberyl yecats ngokucacileyo okukhulu. Amagqabha amacango amathambo anebhola elilodwa elibukhali, ngamanye amaxesha amabini amabini okanye amaqela amathathu, asebenza ngaphaya kommandla wecabochon. Iigatye zamehlo eCat ekwakhekeni kwe-cabochon ziqakathekile ngokugqithiseleyo. Iingalo ezichanekileyo zesakhiwo se-crystal yelitye ziyi-perpendicular to the phenomena. Ngoko xa ukukhanya kuwela kuyo, iqela elibukhali liyabonakala. Kwiimeko ezintle kakhulu, ilanga leCrysoberyl lisehlo libukeka lihlukanisa umhlaba libe ngamacandelo amabini. Sinokubona ubisi kunye nobusi xa sisenza ilitye lihamba ngaphantsi kokukhanya.

Iridescence

I-Iridescence yaziwa nangokuthi i-goniochromism, into ephezulu apho ububanzi bezinto ezibonakalayo bubonisa imibala emininzi njengendlela yokujonga utshintsho. Iyakwazi ukubonakala lula entanyeni yehobe, i-soap bubbles, amaphiko eflyflyfly, unina weeparele njl. Ukungahambi kahle kweendawo eziphezulu kunye nezikhulu ezivumela ukuba ukukhanya kudlule kwaye kubonakalise ukubuya kwiindawo ezininzi (i-diffraction) ebangela umbala we-multi-color umboniso. Ukudibana nokuphazamiseka, isiphumo siyamangalisa. Iiparele zendalo zibonisa i-iridescence ehluke kakhulu kumbala womzimba wayo. Amaparele aseTahiti abonisa ukukhanya okukhulu.

Dlala umbala

Umthombo omangalisayo obizwa nge-opal ubonisa umbala omhle. Ukuvutha komlilo ukusuka kwi-Lightening Ridge, eOstreliya (ebonisa ukutshintsha kwemibala yembala ebonakalayo ebomvu ngokumelene nomnyama) badume kakhulu kule ngxaki. Ngeli xesha lo mdlalo wombala luhlobo lwe-iridescence, phantse bonke abathengisi begatye bayabiza ngokungafanelekanga "umlilo". Umlilo lixesha le gemological, Ukusabalala kokukhanya kukhonjiswe kwiimpawu zamatye. Ngokuqhelekileyo kubonakala kwidayimane. Ukusabalala okulula kokukhanya. Xa imeko ye-opals ayifani ukusasazeka kwaye ngenxa yoko, kubangelwa ukusebenzisa igama elithi "umlilo".

Utshintsho lombala

Umzekelo omhle wokutshintsha kombala yi-alexandrite. Ezi zigugu kunye namatye zibonakala zihluke kakhulu ekukhanyeni kwe-incandescent xa kuthelekiswa nokukhanya kwemini yendalo. Oku kubangelwa kukusetyenziswa kweemveliso zamatye kunye nokuchithwa okunamandla okukhethiweyo. I-alexandrite ibonakala eluhlaza emini kwaye ibonakala ibomvu ngokukhanya kwe-incandescent. I-sapphire, i-tourmaline, i-alexandrite namanye amatye angenza i-aslo ibonise utshintsho lombala.

Labradorescence

I-Labradorescence luhlobo lwe-iridescence, kodwa lukhokela kakhulu ngenxa yee-twinning crystal. Singayifumana kwisiqwenga se-labradorite.

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