Ngaba iimpawu zamaminerali?

amatye anqabileyo amaminerali

Thenga amatye anqabileyo endalo kwivenkile yethu yamatye

Ngaba iimpawu zamaminerali?

Isimbiwa yinto eyenzeka ngokwendalo yemichiza, ihlala ifom ye-crystalline kwaye ayivelwanga ziinkqubo zobomi. Inobume bemichiza ethile, ngelixa iliwa linokuba sisidibanisi sezimbiwa ezahlukeneyo. Inzululwazi yile yezimbiwa.

Uninzi lwamatye anqabileyo zizimbiwa

Zineempawu ezahlukeneyo zomzimba. Inkcazo yabo ixhomekeke kubume beekhemikhali kunye nokwakheka kwabo. Iimpawu eziqhelekileyo zokwahlula kubandakanya ukwenziwa kwekristale kunye nokuziqhelanisa, nobulukhuni, ubumnandi, ukungafani, umbala, istreak, ubungqindilili, ukucoca, ukuqhekeka, ukwahlukana, ubunzima bomxhuzulane, ubutsalane, incasa okanye ivumba, radioactivity, kunye nokuphendula kwi-asidi.

Umzekelo wezimbiwa: I-Quartz, idayimane, i-corrundum, i-beryl, ...

akude eyenziwayo

Kubalulekile ukwahlula phakathi kwamatye okwenziwa, kunye nokulinganisa okanye iigugu ezenziwe.

Iigugu zokwenziwa ngokwasemzimbeni, ngokuchanekileyo nangokwemichiza ziyafana kwilitye lendalo, kodwa zenziwe kuMzi-mveliso. Kwimaket yorhwebo, abathengisi bamatye basebenzisa igama elithi "ilebhu yenziwa". Yenza ilitye lokwenziwa lithengiswe ngakumbi kune "mveliso eyenziweyo".

Umzekelo wamatye okwenziwa: I-corrundum yokwenziwa, idayimane yokwenziwa, i-quartz yokwenziwa,…

Amatye anqabileyo angengowamvelo

Imizekelo yamatye angengowamvelo abandakanya i-cubic zirconia, equlathe i-zirconium oxide kunye ne-moissanite eyenziwe, engamatye afanayo. Ukulinganisa kukopa ukubonakala kunye nombala welitye lokwenyani kodwa abanazo iikhemikhali kunye neempawu ezibonakalayo.

I-Moissanite inesalathiso esiphakamileyo sokubonisa kunedayimane kwaye xa ibekwe ecaleni kwedayimani elingana nayo kwaye isikiwe iya kuba "nomlilo" ngaphezulu kwedayimani.

Iintsika

Iliwa yinto yendalo, ingqokelela yesixa semaminerali enye okanye nangaphezulu okanye ii-mineraloids. Umzekelo, iLapis lazuli lilitye elinzulu eliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Udidi lwayo lilitye elixabisekileyo. Elona candelo libalulekileyo le-lapis lazuli yi-lazurite (25% ukuya kwi-40%), i-feldspathoid silicate.

Gemstones

Kukho inani lezinto eziphathekayo ezisetyenzisiweyo njengamagugu, kuquka:
intlaka elukhuni yokuhombisa ijuwelari, Ammolite, Ithambo, iCopal, ikorale, Ivory, Jet, Nacre, Operculum, Pearl, Petoskey ilitye

Mineraloids

I-mineraloid yinto efana ne-mineral engabonisi ubungqingili. I-Mineraloids inezinto zokwenziwa kweekhemikhali ezahluka ngaphaya kwamanqanaba amkelekileyo ngokubanzi kwizimbiwa ezithile. Umzekelo, i-obsidian yiglasi ye-amorphous kwaye ayiyikristale.

I-Jet ivela kwimithi ebolayo phantsi koxinzelelo olukhulu. Ilitye lelinye elinye ngenxa yobume be-non-crystalline.

Mineraloids eyenziwe ngabantu

Iglasi eyenziwe ngabantu, iplastiki, ...

Amatye anqabileyo endalo ayathengiswa kwivenkile yethu yamatye