Ngaba iimpawu zamaminerali?

Ngaba iimpawu zamaminerali?

Iimaminerali zenzeke ngokwemvelo yecompiline ifom, ngokuqhelekileyo ifom ye-crystalline kwaye ingavelwanga yinkqubo yobomi. Iimaminerali zineenkcukacha ezithile zekhemikhali, ngelixa ilitye linokuba luhlu lweemaminerali ezahlukeneyo. Inzululwazi yamaminerali iyiminereralogy.

Uninzi lwamatye anqabileyo zizimbiwa

Izimbiwa zineempawu ezahlukeneyo zomzimba. Inkcazo yabo ixhomekeke kubume beekhemikhali kunye nokwakheka kwabo. Iimpawu eziqhelekileyo zokwahlula kubandakanya ukwakheka kwekristale kunye nokuziqhelanisa, nobulukhuni, ubumenyemenye, ukungafani, umbala, istreak, ubungqindilili, ukucoca, ukuqhekeka, ukwahlukana, umxhuzulane othile, ubutsalane, incasa okanye ivumba, i-radioactivity, kunye nokuphendula kwi-asidi.

Umzekelo weempawu zamaminerali: i-Quartz, idayimane, i-corrundum, i-beryl, ...

akude eyenziwayo

Kubalulekile ukuhlukanisa phakathi kweempawu zamatye, kunye neempawu ezilinganayo.

Iimpawu zamatye zenziwe ngokwasemzimbeni, ngokuchanekileyo nangokwemichiza ngokufanayo kwilitye lendalo, kodwa zenziwe kwiFektri. Kwimaket yezorhwebo, abathengisi bamatye abalulekileyo basebenzisa igama elithi "ilebhu yenziwa". Yenza ilitye lokwenziwa lithengiswe ngakumbi kune "mveliso eyenziweyo".

Umzekelo weempawu zamathambo eziqhelekileyo: I-synthétique corrundum, idayimani yokwenziwa, i-quartz yokwenziwa, ...

Amatye anqabileyo angengowamvelo

Imizekelo yamatye angengowamvelo abandakanya i-cubic zirconia, equlathe i-zirconium oxide kunye ne-moissanite efanisiweyo, zozibini ezifaniswa ngamatye anqabileyo. Ukulinganisa kukopa ukubonakala kunye nombala welitye lokwenyani kodwa abanazo iikhemikhali kunye neempawu ezibonakalayo. I-Moissanite inesalathiso sokuphinda sibonwe ngaphezulu kwedayimani kwaye xa ibekwe ecaleni kwedayimani elilinganayo nesikwe ngokulinganayo iya kuba "nomlilo" ngaphezulu kwedayimane.

Iintsika

ILil ingumntu wendalo, ubuninzi beqela okanye amaminerali okanye i-mineraloids. Ngokomzekelo, iLapis lazuli yidwala elimnyama elingu-blue metamorphic. Ukwahlula kwalo ngamatye anqabileyo. Icandelo elibalulekileyo lemineralal ye-lapis lazuli yi-lazurite (25% ukuya kwi-40%), i-feldspathoid silicate mineral.

Gemstones

Kukho inani lezinto eziphathekayo ezisetyenzisiweyo njengamagugu, kuquka:
Amber, Ammolite, Bone, Copal, Coral, Ivory, Jet, Nacre, Operculum, Pearl, Petoskey amatye

Mineraloids

I-mineraloid yinto efana ne-mineral-like does not show crystallinity. I-Mineraloids ineziqulatho zeekhemikhali ezihluka ngaphaya kweendawo eziqhelekileyo ezivunyelweyo zamaminerali athile. Ngokomzekelo, i-obsidian ingilazi ye-amorphous kwaye ayikho i-crystal. I-Jet itholakala kumthi owonayo phantsi kwengxinzelelo engqongqo. I-Opal yenye enye i-mineraloid ngenxa yobume bayo obungabonakaliyo.

Mineraloids eyenziwe ngabantu

Iglasi eyenziwe ngabantu, iplastiki, ...

imposiso: Umxholo likhuselwe !!