Ngaba iimpawu zamaminerali?

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Ngaba iimpawu zamaminerali?

Iimaminerali zenzeke ngokwemvelo yecompiline ifom, ngokuqhelekileyo ifom ye-crystalline kwaye ingavelwanga yinkqubo yobomi. Iimaminerali zineenkcukacha ezithile zekhemikhali, ngelixa ilitye linokuba luhlu lweemaminerali ezahlukeneyo. Inzululwazi yamaminerali iyiminereralogy.

Uninzi lwamagrafoni ngamaminerali

Amaminerali aneempawu ezahlukahlukeneyo zomzimba. Inkcazo yabo iyaphuma kwi-chemical and structure. Iimpawu eziqhelekileyo eziqhelekileyo ziquka isakhiwo sekristal kunye nomkhwa, ubunzima, ukukhahlela, ukusabalalisa, umbala, i-streak, ukunyaniseka, ukucoca, ukuchithwa, ukwahlula, ukugqithisa, ukugqithisa, ukunambitha okanye ukuvumba, i-radioactivity kunye nokuphendula kwi-asidi.

Umzekelo weempawu zamaminerali: i-Quartz, idayimane, i-corrundum, i-beryl, ...

akude eyenziwayo

Kubalulekile ukuhlukanisa phakathi kweempawu zamatye, kunye neempawu ezilinganayo.

Iimpawu zamanqwanqwa ziyamzimba, zenzeke ngokuthe tye kwaye zifana neekhemikhali ezifana nelitye lezendalo, kodwa zenziwe kwi-Factory. Kwi-maket yezorhwebo, abathengisi beempawu zamatye abasebenzisa ngokuqhelekileyo igama elithi "ibhanti yenziwe". Yenza ilitye yokwenziwa ngokuthengisa ngaphezu kwe "factory created".

Umzekelo weempawu zamathambo eziqhelekileyo: I-synthétique corrundum, idayimani yokwenziwa, i-quartz yokwenziwa, ...

Amagrafti amalungiselelo

Imizekelo yamatye okufakelwa aquka i-cubic zirconia, eyakhiwa yi-zirconium oxide kunye ne-moissanite efanelwe, ezo zombini iimpawu zamatye. Imifanekiso ikopi ukujonga kunye nombala wenjoko yangempela kodwa ayinayo ikhemikhali okanye iimpawu zenyama. I-Moissanite ngokwenene inesicatshulwa esiphezulu sokurhweba ngaphezu kwedayimane kwaye xa ivela ngaphandle kwedayimani enokulingana kunye neyayinqunyiweyo iya kuba "nomlilo" ngaphezu kwedayimane.

Iintsika

ILil ingumntu wendalo, ubuninzi beqela okanye amaminerali okanye i-mineraloids. Ngokomzekelo, iLapis lazuli yidwala elimnyama elingu-blue metamorphic. Ukwahlula kwalo ngamatye anqabileyo. Icandelo elibalulekileyo lemineralal ye-lapis lazuli yi-lazurite (25% ukuya kwi-40%), i-feldspathoid silicate mineral.

Gemstones

Kukho inani lezinto eziphathekayo ezisetyenzisiweyo njengamagugu, kuquka:
Amber, Ammolite, Bone, Copal, Coral, Ivory, Jet, Nacre, Operculum, Pearl, Petoskey amatye

Mineraloids

I-mineraloid yinto efana ne-mineral-like does not show crystallinity. I-Mineraloids ineziqulatho zeekhemikhali ezihluka ngaphaya kweendawo eziqhelekileyo ezivunyelweyo zamaminerali athile. Ngokomzekelo, i-obsidian ingilazi ye-amorphous kwaye ayikho i-crystal. I-Jet itholakala kumthi owonayo phantsi kwengxinzelelo engqongqo. I-Opal yenye enye i-mineraloid ngenxa yobume bayo obungabonakaliyo.

Mineraloids eyenziwe ngabantu

Iglasi eyenziwe ngabantu, iplastiki, ...

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